Schizophrenia is mainly a brain disorder which has affected nearly 1% of total worlds population till date. The disorder is such that it affects the way a normal human being acts, thinks and the way he sees the world. People with these diseases have an altered perception of reality often loss contact with the world. They see or hear things that don't even exist, speak in strange or confused ways; they always think that other people are trying to harm them. They cannot differentiate between the line of reality and imagination. With this disease it becomes difficult to negotiate the activities of daily life. Schizophrenia is characterized by positive and negative symptoms.
Paranoid Schizophrenia: people suffering from this kind of schizophrenia are preoccupied with delusions about being punished or persecuted by others but their thinking patterns and speech remains the same.
Disorganized Schizophrenia: people suffering from this kind are usually confused and illogical. Their behavior is emotionless and out of the world not accordingly to the situation.
Catatonic Schizophrenia: people suffering from this kind have limited physical response; their reflexes become unresponsive and unresponsive due to unwillingness.
Residual Schizophrenia: people suffering from this kind have hallucinations and delusions but these symptoms are less when they are diagnosed.
Positive symptoms: these are characterized by symptoms of delusions, thought disorders, hallucinations and unresponsive movements. Hallucination involves perception of feelings that are not even real.
Disorganized Symptoms: These are characterized by inability to think, inability to make decisions, forgetting things or use of words or sentences that have no logic.
Negative symptoms: This symptom are related to disruptions to normal emotions and behaviors, they remain away from friends and family, lack of interest in life, lack of energy and change of moods at any time or poor hygiene.
There are a number of factors that contribute to the development of schizophrenia in a person. Schizophrenia likes diabetes or cancer with a biological root although the real cause is not yet known. Causes includes Genetic cause that's mainly due to hereditary, Environmental causes of schizophrenia which includes low oxygen levels during birth, early parental loss or separation. Brain chemical imbalances or abnormal brain structure.
A lot research on this field is going on and a large number of institutions are numerously working on it to find out the real cause of this diseases. Tim crow a famous British psychiatrist is working on this kind of diseases finding out the real causes behind and the reason for its spreading. International Center for Research into Schizophrenia and Depression is working on it and Tim Crow is a member of it. In the first CT Scan study in 1976 Professor Crow and colleagues at Northwick Park demonstrated that there are structural changes like enlargement of the cerebral ventricles Much subsequent work with MRI scans and in post-mortem brain studies has confirmed this and suggests that the changes are in the cerebral cortex and particularly are related to the subtle asymmetries that are characteristic of the human cortex.