Non-gonococcal urethritis is an infection of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. The term "nongonococcal" is used when the infection is not caused by gonorrhea. Although both men and women may experience the condition, it is more commonly diagnosed in men. Part of the reason is the symptoms are more clear for men whereas the symptoms in women may be attributed to other female functions. Also, the male anatomy makes it easy to find than the woman's.
Non-gonococcal urethritis is characterized by a burning sensation when urinating, discharge from the penis or vagina, tenderness or irritation of the penis, female abdominal pain, and excessive or abnormal vaginal bleeding. Males may find stains on their underwear from the discharge. This should be an indication that medical advice is recommended.
Whether male or female, in determining non-gonococcal urethritis, the doctor will obtain both a gonorrhea culture and a chlamydia culture. Since the condition may be caused by a variety of germs, and since treatment will differ depending on the cause, the germ from gonorrhea must be ruled out. Because chlamydia is the most common cause of infection, it is tested immediately. Thus gonorrhea and chlamydia cultures are taken.
Nongonococcal urethritis is transmitted sexually, non-sexually and perinatally. NGU germs are passed through all types of sexual contact including vaginal, anal and oral. Body fluids do not have to be exchanged for the germs to be transmitted to another person. But it is advisable to wear a condom, nonetheless. Non-sexual transmission may be the result of a urinary tract infection, catheterization (if someone has been hospitalized and used a tube to urinate), or an infected prostate gland. And newborn babies may be exposed when they make their way down the birth canal. But if they become infected, it generally affects their eyes, ears or lungs.
In order to develop the strong medications that are used today, pharmaceutical companies depend upon non-gonococcal urethritis research. Forms of antibiotics called Azithromycin
Doxycycline, Erythromycin, Levofloxacin, and Ofloxacin have been created to heal the infection. Research also helps the medical community to understand interactions with various drugs and the complications that may arise. For example, birth control pills are less effective when taken at the same time as antibiotics. And pregnant women will need to refrain from taking particular types of drugs.
Moreover, non-gonococcal urethritis research is critical in understanding sexual behavior. Specifically, if the infection is caused by sexual contact, the patient must have information regarding the ramifications of having sex while infected. All partners should be checked and treated before sexual activity resumes.
Non-gonococcal urethritis research has enabled health care providers to obtain information on the severity of the infection. For example, left untreated NGU can be quite dangerous for males, females and babies alike. Newborns may develop pneumonia and possibly go blind from conjunctivitis. Females can progress to the more severe infection, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, and may experience ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage or infertility. Males can become infertile too, They are also prone to Reiter's Syndrome which is a type of arthritis in the joints and may be coupled with skin sores.
If you're looking for more in-depth internet resources on this topic, please do visit these websites we endorse. We have, however, no control of their content at any time.