Oriel.org Medical Research Resources

Wednesday May 24, 2017
Neoplasm & Neoplasm research

Neoplasm is more commonly known as a tumor or a mass. Tumors are abnormal pieces of tissue that develop when cells divide. In some instances, cells have divided too often and in other circumstances, pieces that were supposed to die did not. The resulting tumor serves no useful purpose on the body and can be benign or malignant. Since many tumors are benign and cannot multiply, neoplasm cannot be equated with cancer. It is possible, however, for a tumor to be malignant and thus, upon growing and multiplying is considered cancerous.

 


 

Other than noticing the growth or tumor, neoplasm does not have any real symptoms. Symptoms of other problems may manifest depending on the size and location of tumor. And while not all neoplasm are cancerous, the growth can still cause serious repercussions for the patient. The growth may interfere with normal everyday living causing the patient to exhibit any number of symptoms. For example, if the growth is near the eye, it may impair vision. If the tumor is on the lung, breathing problems such as coughing or wheezing may occur. If it is inside the stomach, a pinching feeling may be experienced as it grows bigger and pushes vital organs. It may also cause vomiting or nausea. And the body may react by creating a fever or chills.

Neoplasm can be caused from a number of sources including:

  • repeated and long-term exposure to chemicals,
  • alcohol, tobacco and drug use,
  • problems with the immune system,
  • genetic abnormalities,
  • exposure to sunlight,
  • and radiation.

Indeed, one of the first steps when discovering neoplasm on the body is to biopsy the growth. A piece is removed in order to study it under a microscope and perform laboratory tests to determine its origin and subsequent method of treatment. The very first thing the patient will want to know is whether it is cancerous or not.

In addition, the patient may undergo an MRI, CAT scan or even a PET scan to determine the exact location of the neoplasm and its size. Bloodwork, blood count, and chest x-rays, all contribute to providing information about the growth. Once information is gathered, it will be used to determine whether the tumor should be removed or left alone. Alternatively, if the tumor is malignant, a course of action which may include surgery, radiation or chemotherapy will be established.

Neoplasm research is important, as many tumors found in today's society are cancerous. Without the research, humane treatments would not be developed, and a possible cure will not be uncovered. Further, understanding the reasons for neoplasm, whether benign or malignant, has changed the way in which society eats, works and lives. The research allows governments to enact laws regarding the use of and exposure to hazardous and toxic materials. And programs in the workplace, such as WHMIS (Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System) and HCS ( American Hazard Communication Standard), can be established. The use of pesticides on food products can be regulated as well.

Finally, neoplasm research can help to guide society with preventative measures. Continual research allows more people the chance of living longer and living better, as new processes are found to combat cancer tumors. And support groups will be meaningful since its members will have accurate information to guide them.

 
Online Resources

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