Chlamydia trachomatis is pathological bacteria that live inside a host's cell causing several diseases that can be life threatening when proper medication is not given. Infections caused by Chlamydia are the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States accounting to approximately 4 million infections a year. People infected with Chlamydia may not show symptoms of infection right away, or the symptoms may not show at al. Serious complications can occur from untreated Chlamydia trachomatis infection so you are advised to see a doctor if you have a slightest reason to believe you have Chlamydia.
The most common symptoms of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in men and women are a burning sensation in the urethra and painful urination. Abnormal secretions in the urethra may also be observed. Severe cases or cases arising from complications manifest through different, more serious symptoms.
Diseases caused by Chlamydia trachomatis
In severe cases, Chlamydia infection may lead to reproductive problems in women. It can create permanent damage to the cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, and it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease. If proper management by a physician is not given, the complication may cause infertility in women. The complication may manifest as painful urination and bleeding between menstrual periods.
Pregnant women can also infect Chlamydia to their fetus, and they can transfer the pathogen to their babies during natural birth. The complication could arise to babies born with deformities, and babies having upper respiratory tract, throat, and eye infection caused by the bacteria.
Chlamydia trachomatis complications in men include inflamed urethra, prostate gland, epididymis, and sometimes, infertility. It could manifest through abnormal secretions through the urethra and burning sensation during urination.
People engaged in oral or anal sex could also develop inflamed throat or rectum due to Chlamydia infection.
Mode of infection of Chlamydia trachomatis
The number one mode of infection of Chlamydia is through sexual contact with an infected individual. It can be transmitted through vaginal, anal, or oral sex, and the bacteria could stay dormant for a couple of weeks before it starts to show signs of infection, if at all. Pregnant women could also transmit Chlamydia to their unborn child, and infection could also happen during natural birth. In very rare cases, infection could also happen when a person comes in contact with the urethral discharge from a person with Chlamydia. This mode of infection is most likely to happen in over populated areas common in third world countries.
Prevention from Chlamydia trachomatis
The best way to prevent infection is to avoid having sex with infected people. Staying with one sexual partner is a good idea. Latex condoms are also good in preventing transmission during sexual intercourse. To some extent, douche can increase the risk of contracting Chlamydia by decreasing the flora of the vagina. Having regular screening for sexually transmitted diseases is also advised to prevent complications.
Treatment of Chlamydia trachomatis
Luckily, Chlamydia trachomatis infection is relatively easy to treat. A regular dose of antibiotics such as doxycycline, tetracycline, azithromycin, erythromycin, or amoxicillin for a week or so is sufficient to rid the body of the pathogen. If a complication has arisen, however, a more comprehensive treatment is needed to correct the symptoms from the complication.